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Jannat Ara
Aug 03, 2022
In Wellness Forum
There is no cure for the Iberian lynx. The solution is to combine a variety of proven or innovative conservation methods and implement them in multiple boroughs. The public's increasing awareness of conservation is also a big help. Habitat fragmentation and loss is the biggest threat to lynxes, with about 80 percent of lynx dying between 1960 and 1990 due to deforestation and habitat loss. Road building is the main problem: not only does it block individuals from meeting, mating and genetic exchange, but it can also lead to road kills. Spain has added animal corridors under high-traffic roads to alleviate these problems, and Portugal plans to follow suit. Creating ecological corridors between the two countries can also reduce the genetic bottleneck [note] , allowing wildlife to move freely within their natural habitats without being restricted by man-made borders. We try to increase their habitat," said João Alves, chief number list adviser to the Portuguese government's Institute for Nature Conservation and Forests (ICNF). Alves told the media that the current conservation results are gratifying. Although the ideal corridor range has not yet been achieved, he hopes to further grow the lynx community by expanding the ecological corridor. Each lynx needs about 10 square kilometers of range, but the current habitat in Portugal is only 500 square kilometers. In other words, more habitat must be preserved to further increase the lynx population. Olga Martins, ICNF's district director at the Mértola office in Portugal's Alentejo district, echoed: "Lynxes need habitat to survive." Most of the land that could be used as a potential habitat is privately owned, and these landlords tend to use the land for profitable olive groves or grapes. But from a conservation standpoint, this monocrop landscape is barren. To avoid the loss of potential habitats, ICNF encourages landowners to adopt a traditional agroforestry system called Montados, in which farming or livestock activities are carried out in the gaps of low-density forests, forming a mosaic of various vegetation.
There is no special medicine for conservation, combining various methods to rescue the Iberian lynx content media
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